This tropical perennial vine must be grown indoors if warmth isn't year-round. Black pepper is an American staple spice. It is high in medicinal value and adds aroma and flavor to any dish. Here is an opportunity to grow your own to grind fresh off of the vine!
Grow Zones: 10,11,12 (Other zones must grow indoors) Other names: hu jiao, kali mirch, pimienta, fulful, pepe, filfil, pfeffer, piovre
Medicinal Benefits of Black Pepper:
The medicinal benefits of piperine are plentiful. Black pepper is a strong anti-inflammatory used to combat fever and has antioxidant properties as well. If you take supplements, black pepper (piperine) is likely found in your bottle to increase absorption. Adding black pepper to your food is important for the same reason (to increase the absorption of the mineral and vitamin content from your food).
How to Grow Piper nigrum Black Pepper Peppercorn seeds:
Piper nigrum thrives in slightly acidic to neutral soil types and grows best in a humid or moist environment. If you're growing them indoors, consider planting them in a hanging pot in a partially shaded area of your sunroom or in a pot near a window. If grown outdoors, prop the leaves up by allowing them to either grow up a tree, grow them up a winding coil, a fence, or a structure of some sort in order to enjoy a larger peppercorn harvest and provide some form of airflow for the leaves.
Soak seeds in a cup of water for 24 hrs before planting. Sow seeds 1/2 inch deep into moist, warm soil. Plant seeds an inch apart. Water often. Seeds are hard to sprout without the softening effect of the water and consistently warm soil. Germination time is 45 days for most of the seeds. Even still, some won't sprout at this time. Continue the same treatment until enough seeds have germinated to your liking. Some simply remain dormant longer.