NAME: Pistachio Tree SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pistacia Vera COLOR: Red Flowers / Yellow - Red Pistachios PLANT SEEDS: Fall sow seeds or cold stratify BLOOM TIME: Spring HARVEST: Fall HARDINESS ZONE: 7 - 11 PLANT HEIGHT: 20 - 30' PLANT SPACING: 20' LIGHT REQUIREMENTS: Sun SOIL & WATER PREFERENCES: Average - Dry
QUANTITY: 5 Seeds
OTHER: The Pistachio Tree is the source of the incredibly popular edible Pistachio Nut. Pistacia Vera is native to parts of Asia & the Middle East but is now grown commercially in many parts of the world. The trees are slow-growing, & typically only reach 20' at most in cultivation. This desert plant tolerates drought well, & enjoys hot sunny conditions.
The beautiful spring flower clusters turn to showy clusters of fruit. The hard-shelled seeds of the fruit are pistachios, & they can be eaten raw or cooked. Add them to salads, in soups & stir-fries, with fish or poultry dishes, countless desserts, or as an ice cream topping :)
From Wikipedia: The seed, commonly thought of as a nut, is a culinary nut, not a botanical nut. The fruit has a hard, creamish exterior shell. The seed has a mauvish skin and light green flesh, with a distinctive flavor. When the fruit ripens, the shell changes from green to an autumnal yellow/red and abruptly splits part way open.
So, the nuts naturally open when they are mature, & this is when they should be harvested. The plants are dioecious, so both male & female plants are needed for pollination.
The trees are very showy with beautiful redbuds & flowers, as well as the many color-changing fruits that have lovely shades. Wildlife will enjoy eating the pistachios too if you are kind enough to leave some for them :)