Pinus pinea | Italian Stone, Umbrella or Parasol Pine
Pinus pinea is a tree/conifer in the Pinaceae family. It is also known as the Italian stone pine, umbrella pine, and parasol pine. A possible native to the Mediterranean region, Southern Europe, Palestinian Territories, Lebanon, and Syria.
The species was introduced into North Africa millennia ago, such a long time that it is indistinguishable from being a native anywhere specific can be said. Used since prehistoric times for an edible snack.
It is grown in and around California since 1956. It can grow very tall, all the way to 80 feet but is usually seen around 60 feet tall. The beautiful umbrella canopy sets it apart from other pines. The very thick bark is layered like plates with a red-brown color to it. It is drought tolerant and loves the full sun. Zones 8-10
Mix seeds and moistened soil together in a ziplock bag. Write the name on the bag. Place in the refrigerator for 60 days. Soak seeds for 12 hours. Sow seeds into a well-drained, sandy compost and cover seeds to their own depth with sand or grit. Place the seed tray in bright light and keep moist. Seeds may germinate very slowly and may take more than a year to germinate.