A perennial tree or shrub, guava is a heat and moisture-loving plant that produces rounded fruits that start out green but generally mature to yellow or red when ripe. Trees can reach 30′ both in height and diameter but are mostly kept pruned to under 12′ tall for easier harvesting
Guava trees are ideal for the home landscape as they offer continuous fruit production and are tolerant of a range of soil conditions. This tropical fruit is recognized by its yellow or green rind and sweet, juicy, pink-colored flesh, which is used to make jellies and other sweets.
Guava trees grow rapidly and fruit in 2 to 4 years from seed. They live 30 to 40 years but productivity declines after the 15th year.
Prepare a germinating medium consisting of sand or equal parts sand and topsoil and place in pots or directly in a soil bed. Plant seeds 1 to 1 1/2 inches apart and 1/4 inch deep. Provide plenty of water to keep the soil moist.