As winter fades the small fragrant blue flowers of the sweet violet carpet the woods of southern and western Europe. This small herbaceous perennial bears its heavily scented flowers from late winter to mid-spring, and sometimes again in fall. The edible flowers have five petals, two erect and three down-pointing.
The petals surround a yellow and white eye, which helps attract bees. Plants are spread by seed and also by surface runners which root at intervals. The heart-shaped, toothed leaves are bright green and rise in clusters from rooted runners. They are round or somewhat heart-shaped and have teeth on their margins.
Grow sweet violet in partial sun, usually under deciduous trees that allow sunlight to reach the ground. If summers are cool, they will easily handle the full sun. The soil should not be moist, well-drained, and not too alkaline. To increase the floral display, trim back runners and any taller, leggy growth in the autumn.
Use sweet violet along the edges of mixed borders, naturalized in woodland settings or in wildflower gardens. A tiny cup filled with a bouquet of violets is a delicate and delightful way to announce the arrival of spring.
Genus - Viola Species - Odorata Common name - Sweet Violet Pre-Treatment - Not required, but recommended Hardiness zones - 5 - 8 Height - 0,20 - 0,30 m Spread - 0,20 - 0,30 m Plant type - Perennial flower Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade Growth rate - Fast Soil PH - Acid, Neutral, Alkaline Soil type - Loamy, rich, humous Water requirements - Average Water Landscape uses - Bedding Plant, Container, Cut flower, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden, Wildflower Leaf / Flower color - Green / Blue, violet Plant growth rate - Fast