Ceratonia siliqua, commonly known as theCarob Treeis a species of a flowering evergreen tree in the pea family, Fabaceae.
TheCarob Treegrows well in warm temperate and subtropical areas. It tolerates hot and humid coastal areas. As a xerophytic (drought-resistant) species, the Carob Tree is well adapted to the ecological conditions of the Mediterranean region.
When not grown for legume harvests the plant is very drought tolerant and part of the 'xeriscape' landscape design for gardens, parks, and public municipal and commercial landscapes.
Other Names: St. John's Bread (St. John is supposed to have eaten the pods of the Carob Tree). Zone: 9 to 11, (Foliage damage at 25° F, serious damage at 20° F) Growth Rate: Moderate Plant Type: Evergreen Flowering Tree Family: Fabaceae Native Range: Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East Height: 30 to 55 feet Spread: 30 to 55 feet Shape: Rounded Bloom Time: Autumn (September–October) Bloom Color: Red Sun: Full Sun Fall Color: Evergreen Drought Tolerance: High Water: Low-Moderate Maintenance: Low Site Requirements /Soil Tolerances: Prefer well-drained loam and are intolerant of waterlogging but the deep root systems can adapt to a wide variety of soil conditions. Drought and salt tolerant. Not for colder climates. Uses: Shade tree, Lawn tree, Parks, Street tree.