Bitter Melon or Bitter Gourd, also known as "Bitter Squash," "Balsam Pear" "Karela," or "Goya," is a tropical vine that belongs to the gourd family, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its green-skinned, smooth warted fruit. Bitter melon originated in India and was introduced into China in the 14th century. It is used for both culinary and medicinal properties to treat treat diabetes, cancer, viral infections, and immune disorders.
- Species: Bitter Melon, Green Skin
- Vegetable Size: 6-8 inches long
- Days to Germinate: 7-14 days
- Days to Harvest: 55 days
- Germination Rate: 85%
- Lifespan: Annual,Perennial in Zones 10-11
- Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Shade
Plant 1 inch deep in soil after danger of frost has passed in Spring and soil temperature is at least 70F, in mostly sunny areas. Bitter Melon grow ups to 16 feet long vines and trellising is recommended.
- Within-Row Spacing: 5 feet
- Between-Row Spacing: 10 feet