Valued as a landscape and lumber tree, white pine is a stately, fast-growing evergreen with supple green needles and dark grayish brown bark. It is distributed across the eastern half of North America, from Newfoundland to Georgia, and grows best in open, upland areas with well-drained soils. Mature specimens become very tall and have straight trunks and broad, pyramidal crowns.
The long, flexible needles come in fascicles (groups) of five. These are fully evergreen and shed every two to three years. Separate male and female cones are produced in spring. The candle-shaped male cones release copious amounts of airborne pollen which drifts to the large conical female cones. The female cones are olive-green and rubbery when young, brown, and woody at maturity. Female cones release winged seeds their second autumn, falling from the tree shortly thereafter.
Genus - Pinus Species - Strobus Common name - Eastern White Pine Other names - White Pine, Weymouth Pine, Mast Pine, Northern White Pine Pre-Treatment - Required Hardiness zones - 3 - 8 Height - 50'-80' / 15 - 24 m Spread - 20'-40' / 6 - 12 m Plant type - Tree Vegetation type - Evergreen Exposure - Full Sun, Partial Sun Growth rate - Fast Soil PH - Acidic, Neutral Soil type - Lam, sand, well-drained Water requirements - Drought tolerant, the average water Landscape uses - Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees Leaf / Flower color - Green, Blue Green / -- Plant growth rate - Fast