Adam's needle is a slow growing,virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub that is native to coastal beaches, dunes and sandy woods from Southern U.S. to Mexico.
Adam's needle looks a little like a small palm, but is actually more closely related to the lilies. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves to 30 inches long and to 4 inches wide. The margins of the leaves are decorated with long curly threads or "filaments" that peel back as the leaf grows; eventually dropping off on older leaves.
Leaves form a foliage clump to 2-3’ tall. In late spring, a flowering stalk rises from the center of each rosette, typically 5 to 8 feet tall, but infrequently to 12’ tall, (taller in warm climates, shorter where winters are cold) bearing a long terminal panicles of nodding 2 inch bell-shaped creamy white flowers.
Fruits are elliptical dehiscent capsules. The plant dies after flowering and fruiting, but produces lateral buds that start new plants around the edges of the original plant. The flowers of many yucca species are edible and used raw in salads or cooked. Those from Adam's needle are said to taste like Belgian endive.
Other Names: Adam's needle, Spanish bayonet, Needle palm
Zone: 5 to 10
Growth Rate: Slow
Plant Type: Broadleaf evergreen
Native Range: United States Height: 4 to 8 feet Spread: 2 to 3 feet
Bloom Time:June - July
Bloom Color:Creamy white Flower/Fruit: Bell-shaped flowers are 1 1/2 to 3 1/2 inches. Edible fruits are large, 4 to 9 inches long pods.
Sun: Full Sun
Fall Color: Evergreen
Drought tolerance: High
Water:Dry to Medium Maintenance: Low
Site Requirements/ Soil Tolerances: Easily grown in dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerant of poor, dry, sandy soils.
Uses: Borders, foundations, dry garden areas, dry slopes. Adds architectural height. Excellent in rock gardens and as an accent among other perennials.
Sowing Yuccafilamentosa Seeds:
For best results, please follow the instructions in the order provided.