A fruit-bearing multi-stemmed deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Juncaceae. It will grow between 5 and 8 m (16 and 26 ft) tall. It has long been cultivated for its orange-sized edible fruit and its attractive ornamental plant features.
The fruit is typically in season in the northern hemisphere from September to February, and in the southern hemisphere from March to May.
Winter hardy to USDA zones 8-11 where it is best grown in organically rich, dry to medium moisture, well-drained, fertile loams in full sun. Plants fruit best in areas with long, hot, and dry summers (90s f) and cooler winters. Water plants regularly. Prune as needed in late winter.
In colder regions, plants may be grown in containers in a rich fertile soil mix. Take containers outdoors into bright, mostly sunny locations in summer with regular application of moisture. Plants must be overwintered indoors in bright, cool locations with reduced watering.
Life cycle: deciduous shrub Height: 12-16 ft Max width: 14 ft Usda zone: 7-12 (or grown indoors) Light: full sun / partial sun Harvest: 2-3 years
1. Sow seeds 1/2" deep in small pots or flats with moistened seed-starting mix. Spritz with water to settle into the soil. 2. Place in warm indirect sunlight and keep the soil moist. Germination should occur in 30-40 days. Using a heat mat will speed up the germination time. 3. Resize into bigger pots as needed. Transplant after the last frost when plants are well-established. Protect young plants during the first few winters.
If planting in an orchard, space shrubs 12 ft apart. If planting as a hedge, space 9 ft apart.
Pomegranate shrubs grow best on a south-facing wall.
Harvest fruit in mid-summer or fall, 2-3 years after planting.