The Siberian Pea has an extensive root system that can be used to assist with erosion control. The shrub has a fragrant flower that naturally will attract bees. The honey created has a pleasant slightly fruity taste. Because of its nitrogen-fixing capacity, it is valued as a soil-improving plant.
Native to Eastern Russia and Northern China, the Siberian Pea is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or tree that grows 15 to 20 feet tall and 12 to 15 feet wide. It grows upright and rounded with attractive brightgreen,3 inches long,featherypinnately compound leaves.
Each leaf has 4 to 6 pairs of 1 inch, obovate to elliptic-oblong leaflets. Flowers are bright yellow, Pea-like and fragrant, bloomming singly or in clusters in Spring. Flowers are followed by 3 inch, yellow-green, edible pea pods that ripen to brown in summer.
The Siberian Pea has a slightly bitter tasting 'pea', usually 3 to 4 to a pod and are edible. They should be cooked before eaten. The seed contains 12.4% of a fatty oil and up to 36% protein and it has been recommended as an emergency food for humans.
More than just an emergency food, this species has the potential to become a staple crop in areas with continental climates. The young pods can be eaten cooked and used as a vegetable. Additionally, the yellow flowers which have a taste like peas, can be used in salads to add color and some flavor.
Other Names:Siberian Pea Tree,Siberian Pea Shrub, Pea Shrub
Zone: 2 to 7
Growth Rate: Slow
Plant Type: Large flowering deciduous shrub or small tree.
Native Range: Eastern Russia, Northern China Height: 15 to 20 feet Spread: 12 to 15 feet Shape: Rounded, upright, multi-stemmed
Bloom Color:Yellow Flower/Fruit: Pea-like fragrant yellow flowers bloom singly or in clusters in May followed by yellowish-green edible pods (to 3” long) that mature to brown.
Sun: Full Sun
Fall Color: Yellow
Drought Tolerance: High
Water:Dry to medium Maintenance: Low
Site Requirements /Soil Tolerances: average, well-drained soils in full sun. tolerates of poor soils, drought and strong winds.
Culture: Low maintenance shrub, may be trained as a tree. Slightly thorny at the stipules.
Uses: Difficult areas where growing conditions are challenging. Hedge, screen or windbreak, shrub border.
Sowing Caragana arborescens Seeds:
For best results, please follow the instructions in the order provided.
Siberian Peaseeds possess a thick, impermeable seed-coat which prevents or significantly retards germination.
Scarify:Pour Hot water over seed. Soak in water for 24 hours
Stratify: Cold 30 days, 40 Degrees F in a Moist Medium.