Antonovka Apple is a 500-year-old Russian apple. It is the most widely used rootstock in colder climates. It is a vigorous cultivar that produces bright yellow fruit with yellowish white acidic flesh. The fruit is large, golden in color, sometimes with a reddish blush, and has a winey tart taste and an aroma unique to this variety. Antonovka Apples may be eaten fresh or used for making juice, jam, and pastilles. Antonovka Apple is a late-season producer. Compared to other varieties, the Antonovka is outstanding for its firmness in winter, low demands on the soil, and high yield (up to 500 kg from a single tree).
General Apple Information:
Edible Apples and ornamental Crabapples have masses of spring flowers that emerge before the leaves. Hundreds of Apple varieties are grown for cider, cooking, eating, or a combination of uses. Each type, including dwarf and semi-dwarf, has its own climate preferences and harvest dates. However, some types of Apple tree can be found to grow in every state in the United States. Single or semi-double flowering trees have red, orange, or yellow apples that ripen from midsummer into autumn. Apples do well in lawns, in the foreground of borders, or closely planted in rows, as high screens. Espalier them, grow them in containers or plant a small orchard. They tolerate a range of soils, from acid to slightly alkaline and from rocky to wet.
Apple trees begin to fruit in the 3rd year and come into full production from the 11th to 20th year. They may continue to fruit for about 100 years although the fruits may become commercially unprofitable. They require a period of winter dormancy, in general, 900-1000 hours or more at less than 45°F. They perform best in areas with medium to low humidity, long daylight hours, high light intensity, and relatively warm days and cool nights.
Apple wood gives off a pleasant scent when burned and smoke from an apple wood fire gives an excellent flavor to smoked foods. It is easier to cut when green than when dry. It is a good wood for cooking fires because it burns hot and slow, without producing much flame.
According to University of Cornell researchers, apples originated in the Tien Shan Mts. and were carried by humans to the Middle East, Europe, and finally North America. They have been a very popular home-grown fruit here since the 1600s. A tree can live for 100s of years.
Zone: 3 to 8 (Hardy to -50 Degrees F) Growth Rate: Fast to Moderate Plant Type: Deciduous Fruiting Tree Family: Rosaceae Height: 15 to 35 feet Spread: 15 to 30 feet Shape: Rounded Bloom Time: Spring Bloom Color: White Harvest Time: Late Fall Sun: Full Sun Fall Color: Golden Yellow Drought Tolerance: Moderate Water: Medium Maintenance: Low
Site Requirements /Soil Tolerances: Best grown in loamy, medium moisture, well-drained, acidic soil in full sun. Adapts to a wide range of soils.
Culture: Fertilize in spring just before new growth begins. Prune damaged, diseased, dead, or rubbing branches. Remove suckers in early summer. Stake newly planted trees. Protect the fruit from birds.
Note: Get the best apples by harvesting a tree in 2 or 3 waves. The outside fruit ripens earlier than that in the center of the tree. Also, thin heavily when the fruit is very young.
Uses Rootstock, Espalier, orchard, lawn tree, patio tree, in the foreground of borders, or closely planted in rows, as high screens.