Hardy, Adaptable, Easy to Grow, Fast Growth, Climbing Vine, Fall Color, Edible Fruits, Attracts Birds, Cold, Heat, and Wind Tolerant
Vitis vinifera is the primary cultivated grape species that produces over 99 percent of the wines of the world today. It is native to Europe as well as East and Central Asia. Vitis vinifera has been planted all over the world. There are estimated to be thousands of varieties of this species, some of the best known being Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Riesling, and Zinfandel.
Vitis vinifera is by far the most economically important Vitis species and accounts for most commercial grape plantings, not just for wine. Nearly three-quarters of the world's commercial grape production is devoted to wine grapes, around a quarter to table grapes, and much smaller amounts to dried grapes (raisins) and non-alcoholic grape juice.
Vitis vinifera is a vigorous climber, growing to a height of 16 to 20 m if left unpruned. It climbs by means of forked tendrils produced intermittently at two out of three vegetative nodes. Its leaves are 9 to 28 cm wide, long-stalked, palmately lobed, and coarsely toothed. The petals of the small greenish flowers are joined at the tips.
Zone: 6 to 9 Growth Rate: Fast Plant Type: Deciduous Fruiting Vine Family: Vitaceae Native Range: Europe Height: 20 to 50 feet Spread: 10 to 15 feet Shape: Climbing Vine Bloom Time: June Sun: Full Sun Fall Color: Showy yellow and red Drought Tolerance: Moderate Water: Medium Maintenance: Medium
Site Requirements /Soil Tolerances: Soil pH 6.5. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun. Tolerates heat, cold, and some wind. Prune hard in the fall or early spring to control rapid growth.
Uses: Fast growth and beautiful foliage make this an excellent vine for a trellis, arbor, or screen.
Sowing Vitis vinifera Seeds: For best results, please follow the instructions in the order provided. Scarify: Soak in water for 24 hours Stratify Cold 90-180 days, 40 Degrees F in a Moist Medium (Not wet). Germination: Sow 1/4” Deep, Keep moist (Not wet).